Yang, S.P., & Kosztarab, M.P. 1967 A morphological and taxonomical study on the immature stages of Antonina and of the related genera (Homoptera: Coccoidea).. Research Division Bulletin Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg 3: 73 pp.

Notes: Descriptions of and keys to first-instar nymphs of 14 species, second instar nymphs of seven species, and third-instar nymphs of two species.