Xie, Y.P., Liu, W., Zhang, Y., Xiong, Q., Xue, J., & Zhang, X. 2011 Morphological and ultrastructural characterization of the alimentary canal in Japanese wax scale (Ceroplastes japonicus Green). Micron 42:898–904
Notes: The morphology and ultrastructure of the alimentary canal in the adult female of the Japanese wax scale, Ceroplastes japonicus Green (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Coccidae), was investigated using light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The results showed that the foregut was subdivided into a sclerotized pharynx and an oesophagus. A pair of salivary glands attached in the middle of the foregut. The loop-shaped midgut was narrow and longer than the foregut and its inner wall lined with a thick layer of epithelia. The hindgut was divided into a narrower ileum and a broader rectum, with the well-developed filter chamber enclosed in the anterior rectum. Malpighian tubules consisted of two brownish-yellow moniliform tubules with pores, approximately 1m in diameter, scattered on the outer surface and many spherical crystals inside the tubules.