Waqas, M.S., Lin, L., Shoaib, A.A.Z., Cheng, X., Zhang, Q., Elabasy, A.S.S., & Shi, Z. 2020 Effect of Constant and Fluctuating Temperature on the Development, Reproduction, Survival, and Sex Ratio of Phenacoccus solenopsis (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). Environmental Entomology 49(3): 553–560


  • ecology
  • Notes: Effects of temperature on the development, survival, reproduction, longevity and sex ratio of the cotton mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley, was assessed at five constant temperatures ranging from 20 to 35°C and five fluctuating temperatures ranging from 15 to 40°C under laboratory conditions.