Unelius, C.R., El-Sayed, A.M., Twidle, A., Bunn, B., Zaviezo, T., Flores, M.F., Bell, V.A., & Bergmann, J. 2011 The Absolute Configuration of the Sex Pheromone of the Citrophilous Mealybug, Pseudococcus calceolariae. Journal of Chemical Ecology 37:166–172
Notes: The absolute configuration of the sex pheromone of the citrophilous mealybug, Pseudococcus calceolariae, was determined to be (1R,3R)-[2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methylprop-1- enyl)cyclopropyl]methyl (R)-2-acetoxy-3-methylbutanoate. NMR, derivatization reactions, chiral gas chromatographymass spectrometry, and comparison with synthetic chiral reference compounds, were used to determine the absolute configuration of this compound. This activity of this compound was further confirmed by testing synthetic stereoisomers of the compound as lures in traps for adult male mealybugs. Traps baited with 1,000 ìg of the pheromone compound caught 36 times more males than traps baited with virgin females. A mixture of stereoisomers of the pheromone compound can be used for field trapping without adverse effects on trap catch. A comparison with the structures of other sex pheromones of mealybugs is presented.