Tong, H.-J., Ao, Y., Li, Z.H., Wang, Y., & Jiang, M.-x. 2019 Invasion biology of the cotton mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley: Current knowledge and future directions. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 18(4): 758–770


  • ant association
  • ecology
  • evolution
  • life history
  • Notes: We speculate that specific biological factors associated with this mealybug, particularly its wide host range, high reproductive potential, evolved changes in life history traits, and mutualism with ants have played important roles in its invasions, allowing this pest to become established and rapidly increase its population upon its introduction into new regions.