Tomkins, A.R., Thomson, C., Wilson, D.J., & Greaves, A.J. 1992 Armoured scale insects (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) on unsprayed kiwifruit vines in the Waikato.. New Zealand Entomologist (15): 58-63.

Notes: Abstract: Two generations of greedy scale (Hemiberlesia rapax) and oleander scale (Aspidiotus nerii) were found between December and May; few first generation scale insects of either species infested fruit with second generation scale infesting fruit from late January onwards; relative abundance of the 2 species on leaves and fruit differed with oleander scale infesting leaves to a lesser degree; greater proportion of oleander scale settled on the ventral surface of leaves and they were found in more protected sites on wood than greedy scale.