Stumpf, C.F., & Lambdin, P.L. 2001a A comparison of the pit scale genera of North and South America (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Asterolecaniidae).. Entomologica 33(1999): 153-156.
Notes: [Special Issue: Proceedings of the ISSIS VIII International Symposium on Scale Insect Studies held at Wye College (U.K.), Aug. 31st - Sept. 6th, 1998.] Of the 12 Asterolecaniid genera known from the New World, six are believed to have been introduced from other faunal regions. The distinctive morphological characters and generic relationships of the New World species are discussed, along with their biogeography and host plant affinities. In North and South America, the family Asterolecaniidae currently consists of 12 genera: Asterodiaspis Signoret, Asterolecanium Targioni Tozzetti, Bambusaspis Cockerell, Grammococcus Miller & Lambdin, Mycetococcus Ferris, Mycococcus Ferris, Neoasterodiaspis Borchsenius, Palmaspis Bodenheimer, Planchonia Signoret, Pollinia Targioni Tozzetti, Russellaspis Bodenheimer and Sclerosococcus McKenzie.