Steven, D., Tomkins, A.R., Blank, R.H., & Charles, J.G. 1994 A first-stage integrated pest management system for kiwifruit.. Proceedings - Brighton Crop Protection Conference Pests and Diseases. Brighton, UK: November 21-24, 1994. British Crop Protection Council Farnham, UK


  • economic importance
  • natural enemies
  • Notes: Abstract: Armoured scale insects and leafrollers are the main pests of Actinidia deliciosa (kiwifruit); an increasing portion of the kiwifruit industry (12%) is adopting a first-stage IPM system.