Smaili, M.C., Boutaleb-Joutei, A., & Blenzar, A. 2020 Beneficial insect community of Moroccan citrus groves: assessment of their potential to enhance biocontrol services. Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control 30:47: 1-15


  • biological control
  • natural enemies
  • Notes: Data of 105 citrus beneficial insects were gathered and summarized in a data matrix. Variables such nature, target pests, type, establishment, and efficacy were assessed. More than two-thirds of parasitoids and predators species identified in citrus groves of Morocco (105 species) are native (> 70%). Both groups represent only a small fraction of the introduced species. The mostly attack armored scale insects (Diaspididae) and aphids (Aphididae). The ladybeetle Rodolia cardinalis (Mulsant) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) is the first beneficial species introduced in 1921 to the Moroccan citrus orchards to control the cottony cushion scale Icerya purchasi.

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