Schmutterer, H., & Hoffmann, C. 2016 Die wild lebenden Schildläuse Deutschlands (Sternorhyncha, Coccina) [The Outdoors Living Scale Insects of Germany]. Entomologische Nachrichten und Berichte Bernhard Klausnitzer Dresden 104 7(20)
Notes: Presently 159 species of scale insects are known to occur outdoors in Germany. Their number is steadily increasing, partly due to climatic change. Their number is steadily increasing, partly due to climatic change. During the last 5 years ten species were registered as new members of the German fauna.