Rosen, D. 1969 The parasites of coccids, aphids and aleyrodids on citrus in Israel: some zoogeographical considerations.. Israel Journal of Entomology 4: 45-53.
Notes: Although citrus has been present in Israel since ancient times, and is now the most important crop of Israel, the fauna of citrus in this country is composed almost exclusively of foreign species. Of 16 species of Sternorrhynchous Homoptera infesting citrus, only two species are apparently indigenous to Israel. Likewise, of 42 species of parasitic Hymenoptera associated with this group of citrus pests, only eight are of local origin. In both groups, the indigenous species are relatively rare. The changes which have taken place in the parasite fauna of citrus groves in Israel during the past 3 decades indicate that competitive displacement of indigenous species by better adapted invaders may have accounted for the present composition of the citrus fauna in Israel. Host species encountered in this survey include Aonidiella aurantii, Ceroplastes floridensis, C. rusci, Chrysomphalus aonidum, Coccus hesperidum, Icerya purchasi, Lepiosaphes beckii, Parlatoria cinerea, P. pergandii, Planococcus citri, Pseudococcus citriculus and Saissetia oleae.