Ripa S, R., & Rojas-Pizarro, S. 1990 Manejo y control biológico de chanchito blanco de la vid. [Management and biological control of the white mealybug of table grapes.]. Revista Fruticola 11(3): 82-87.

Notes: Plant hosts, life cycle, biology, effect of pesticides, natural enemies, biological control and association with ants of Pseudococcus affinis.