Narai, Y., & Murai, T. 2002 Individual rearing of the Japanese mealybug, Planococcus kraunhiae (Kuwana) (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) on germinated broad bean seeds.. Applied Entomology and Zoology. Tokyo 37(2): 295-298.

Notes: The Japanese mealybug, Planococcus kraunhiae was reared individually on germinated broad bean seeds as an alternative food source. The developmental period from egg stage to adult oviposition was 65 days at 20degreeC and 46 days at 24degreeC. Egg hatchability was higher than 98% at both temperatures. Survival rate from egg stage to adult emergence was 76% at 20degreeC and 81% at 24degreeC. The total number of eggs per female was 588 at 20degreeC and 965 at 24degreeC. Adult longevity of females at 20degreeC and 24degreeC was 32 days and 26 days, respectively. The suitability of germinated broad bean seeds for P. kraunhiae is discussed in comparison with other alternative food sources.