Nakahara, S., & Gill, R.J. 1985 Revision of Philephedra, including a review of Lichtensia in North America and description of a new genus Metapulvinaria (Homoptera: Coccidae).. Entomography 3: 1-42.

Notes: P. floridana and tuberculosa n. species; transferred to Philephedra; n. combs.; n. syns.; keys to gen. of Pulvinariini in North America and to 9 species of Philephedra.