N'Guessan, P.W., Watson, G.W., Brown, J.K., & N'Guessan, F.K. 2014 First Record of Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) from Africa, Côte D'Ivoire.. Florida Entomologist 97(4): 1690-1693
Notes: Cocoa swollen shoot virus disease is an important virus disease of cocoa occurring mainly in West Africa. Mealybugs are known to be vectors of the pathogen, Cacao swollen shoot virus. Since recent outbreaks in Côte d’Ivoire, studies have been undertaken on different aspects of the disease. During 2013, surveys were conducted to identify mealybug species infesting aerial parts of cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.; Malvales: Malvaceae) trees at various sites and the samples were authoritatively identified using morphological characters. A species new to Africa, Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi Gimpel & Miller (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), was found at 2 localities in Côte d’Ivoire, i.e., Buyo (Soubré county) and Gbalékro (Agboville county). Hosts of this polyphagous mealybug belong to 47 plant families and include banana, eggplant, Hibiscus spp., potato, sweet pepper and tomato. Virus transmission by P. jackbeardsleyi has not been recorded, but it belongs to the same genus as P. maritimus (Ehrhorn), which transmits Little cherry virus 2 to sweet cherry, and P. longispinus (Targioni Tozzetti), which transmits Grapevine A trichovirus (GAV) to grapevine and Cacao swollen shoot virus (CSSV) to cocoa. The introduction and establishment of P. jackbeardsleyi in Africa may have a considerable impact on both commercial and subsistence agriculture.