Kondo, T., Ramos Portilla, A.A., Peronti, A.L.B.G., & Gullan, P.J. 2016 Known Distribution and Pest Status of Fluted Scale Insects (Hemiptera Momphlebidae Iceryini) in South America. Redia XCIX: 187-195


  • distribution
  • economic importance
  • host
  • natural enemies
  • taxonomy
  • Notes: Current information (2016) on the known distribution of all 18 species (12 species of Crypticerya Cockerell and 6 species of Icerya Signoret) of fluted scale insects (Hemiptera: Monophlebidae: Iceryini) found in South America is provided. A list of known host plants and natural enemies of these species is given and their pest status in South America is discussed.