Jervis, M.A., & Copland, M.J.W. 1996 The life cycle.. Insect Natural Enemies: Practical Approaches to their Study and Evaluation. Chapman & Hall London 491 pp.

Notes: Phenacoccus manihoti is mentioned as a host for Epidinocarsis diversicornis. Protopulvinaria pyriformis and Pseudococcus affinis along with their parasitoids are used as examples of the observation that a higher rate of encapsulation occurs on certain plant hosts as opposed to others.