Hu, X. 1986 Studies on gall-like scale insects, with descriptions of three new species from Shandong, China (Homoptera: Coccoidea: Kermesidae).. Entomotaxonomia 8: 291-316.

Notes: Kermes nigronotatus, K. taishanensis and K. qingdaoensis, new spp., described and illustrated; key to mounted young adult females, adult males, first instars and old adult females in the field.