Herrbach, E., Alliaume, A., Prator, C.A., Daane, K.M., Cooper, M.L., & Almeida, R.P.P. 2017 Vector Transmission of Grapevine Leafroll-Associated Viruses. Grapevine Viruses: Molecular Biology, Diagnostics and Management, Springer International Publishing 483-503
Notes: The ampeloviruses causing grapevine leafroll disease are transmitted by mealybug and soft scale insect vectors. Vector transmission of virus species in this complex occurs in a semi-persistent manner, with no current evidence of a strict vector-virus species specificity. Here we present a summary of what is known about the vector transmission of grapevine-associated ampeloviruses. Because the management of grapevine leafroll diseases depends on a robust understanding of how these viruses are disseminated in vineyards, we also highlight research needs and knowledge gaps.