Hawkins, B.A. 1994 . Pattern and Process in Host-parasitoid Interactions. University Press Cambridge 190 pp.

Notes: Scale species listed in a table of hosts and parasitoids, along with the outcomes of the attempted pest control are Antonina graminis, Aonidiella aurantii, Carulaspis minima, Ceroplastes rubens, Lepidosaphes beckii, L. ficus, Maconellicoccus hirsutus, Nipaecoccus viridis, Parlatoria oleae, Phenacoccus aceris, P. manihoti, Pseudococcus citriculus, Rastrococcus invadens and Unaspis yanonensis.