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Notes: This chapter attempts to counteract the prevailing opinion among farmers that they must use pesticides regularly or perish, with a discussion of the economic benefits of naturally occurring biological control. Icerya purchasi control by Rodolia cardinalis and Cryptochetum iceryae is discussed at length. Other host species listed in a table include Antonina graminis, Aspidiotus destructor, Parlatoria oleae, Planococcus kenyae, Pseudococcus fragilis and Saissetia oleae.