Choi, J., & Lee, S. 2022 Higher classification of mealybugs (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) inferred from molecular phylogeny and their endosymbionts. Systematic Entomology DOI: 10.1111/syen.12534
Notes: Based on the data from DNA sequences, morphology and obligate endosymbionts, we present a phylogeny supporting the families Rhizoecidae and Xenococcidae separate from Pseudococcidae, and the separation of Rastrococcus Ferris from Phenacoccinae and Pseudococcinae. Consequently, Rastrococcus is excluded from Phenacoccinae and elevated to subfamily Rastrococcinae subfam. nov. We also found support for Putoidae as a family distinct from the true mealybugs. Phenacoccus rubicola Kwon, Danzig & Park is transferred to Coccura Šulc.