Charles, J.G., Bell, V.A., Hall, A.J., Suckling, D.M., Walker, J.T.S., Cole, L., Shaw, P.W., Wallis, D.R., & Millar, J.G. 2015 Evaluation of the synthetic sex pheromone of the obscure mealybug, Pseudococcus viburni, as an attractant to conspecific males, and to females of the parasitoid Acerophagus maculipennis. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 157: 188–197
Notes: In New Zealand, recently introduced management tools include the Pseudococcus viburni host-specific parasitoid Acerophagus maculipennis (Mercet) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) established in 2001, and pheromone-baited monitoring traps available since 2005. Red delta traps baited with rubber septum lures impregnated with 4.0 lg of the mealybug synthetic sex pheromone, placed in apple orchards in Hawke’s Bay and Nelson, trapped both male P. viburni and female A. maculipennis.