Camacho, E.R., & Chong, J.H. 2015 General Biology and Current Management Approaches of Soft Scale Pests (Hemiptera: Coccidae). Journal of Integrated Pest Management 6(1): 17


  • biology
  • ecology
  • economic importance
  • natural enemies
  • Notes: In this paper, Camacho and Chong summarize the current knowledge most relevant to soft scale management. They also provide summaries of voltinism, crawler emergence timing, and predictive models for crawler emergence, which will prove useful in developing appropriately timed insecticide application programs.