Brown, S.D.J., Page-Weir, N.E.M., Hawthorne, A.J., Wilkinson, R.T., Jamieson, L.E., Hartnett, D.E., Redpath, S.P., & Chhagan, A. 2018 Mortality of kiwifruit pests (Coccoidea) exposed to ethyl formate delivered using either carbon dioxide or nitrogen carrier gases. New Zealand Plant Protection 71: 102-111


  • chemical control
  • Notes: The efficacy of EF delivered using CO2 or N2, was evaluated at 5 and 15°C, against two important postharvest pests of kiwifruit (greedy scale (Hemiberlesia rapax) and obscure mealybug (Pseudococcus viburni).