Blank, R.H., Olson, M.H., & Gill, G.S.C. 1993 An assessment of the quarantine risk of armoured scale (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) fruit infestations on kiwifruit.. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Hort Sci 21: 139-145.

Notes: Abstract: The nature of infestation of Hemiberlesia lataniae, H. rapax and Actinidia deliciosa on kiwifruit rejected for export from a packhouse; 51% of fruit infested; discussion of percentages of active live mature scale and 'acceptable' scale which merely detract from appearance of fruit.