Blank, R.H., Gill, G.S.C., & Upsdell, M.P. 1996 Greedy scale, Hemiberlesia rapax (Hemiptera: Diaspididae), phenology on kiwifruit leaves and wood.. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science 24: 239-248.

Notes: Observation of this species for stage-specific phenological information; relationship between relative abundance of each scale stage and Julian day or degree-day accumulation determined using a Bayesian smoothing programme; close agreement between phenology of scale on wood and on leaves.