Blank, R.H., Gill, G.S.C., Olson, M.H., & Upsdell, M.P. 1995 Greedy scale (Homoptera: Diaspididae) phenology on taraire based on Julian day and degree-day accumulations.. Population Ecology 24: 1569-1575.

Notes: In northern New Zealand, Hemiberlesia rapax infests kiwifruit, Actinidia deliciosa by aerial invasion from adjacent host plants such as taraire, Beilshmiedia tarairi; field populations of this scale were well described by physiological time; therefore, opportunities exist for predicting stage-specific events.