Balikai, R.A. 1999a Seasonal incidence of grapevine mealybug in northern Karnataka.. Insect Environment 4(4): 148-149.

Notes: Seasonal incidence of Maconellicoccus hirsutus on Thompson Seedless grapes was studied in farmers' fields at Tikota village, during 1990-92. Mealybug was recorded throughout the year. Following pruning in Oct., the mealybug population started to increase from Jan. and peaked during Feb.-Mar. before harvesting. After harvesting, the mealybug population remained low from May to Dec.