Avtzis, D.N., Lubanga, U.K., Lefoe, G.K., Kwong, R.M., Eleftheriadou, N., Andreadi, A., Elms, S., Shaw, R., & Kenis, M. 2020 Prospects for classical biological control of Marchalina hellenica in Australia. BioControl doi.org/10.1007/s10526-020-10012-3
Notes: While no parasitoids were found, M. hellenica was attacked by several predators, most notably Neoleucopis kartliana Tanasijtshuk (Diptera: Chamaemyiidae). N. kartliana was present at all sites investigated and is presumably specific to Marchalina. This highlights its potential as a biological control agent for M. hellenica .