Andreason, S.A., Triapitsyn, S.V., & Perring, T.M. 2019 Untangling the Anagyrus pseudococci species complex (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), parasitoids of worldwide importance for biological control of mealybugs (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae): Genetic data corroborates separation of two new, previously misidentified species. Biological Control 129: 65-82


  • genetics
  • natural enemies
  • Notes: During a recent biological control program initiated for management of the pink hibiscus mealybug (PHM), Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green), by its primary parasitoid Anagyrus kamali Moursi, genomic sequences of the parasitoid were found to be dissimilar with sequences previously published for A. kamali. This discrepancy in the identification of the specimens, which originated in the Imperial Valley, California, USA and Valle de Banderas, Nayarit, Mexico, launched an investigation into the identity of the unknown California/Nayarit population alongside species of the Anagyrus pseudococci complex, in which Anagyrus pseudococci (Girault), Anagyrus sp. near pseudococci, A. kamali, Anagyrus dactylopii (Howard), and Anagyrus kivuensis Compere are informally classified.