Afzal, M.B.S., Shad, S.A., Ejaz, M., & Serrao, J. 2019 Laboratory selection, cross-resistance, and estimations of realized heritability of indoxacarb resistance in Phenacoccus solenopsis (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae). Pest Management Science DOI 10.1002/ps.5488
Notes: This study revealed that P. solenopsis has a very high resistance to indoxacarb as a result of laboratory selection. Thus, resistance to this insecticide in the field may also occur. Indoxacarb resistance can be minimized by rotating it with bifenthrin and/or chlorpyrifos due to its very low cross-resistance to these insecticides and by avoiding its rotation with Spinosad, which has very high cross-resistance.